The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped endocrine (hormone secreting) gland in the neck that is found on both sides of the trachea (windpipe).The thyroid secretes three important hormones—thyroxin (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin. T3 and T4 are the thyroid hormones responsible for our overall metabolism and affect almost every cell in our bodies. Calcitonin helps regulate calcium stores in the body and also directs our bone-building process. Iodine is essential to form both T3 and T4. It is one of the most important glands organizing many biochemical functions linked with each other and controlling normal function in our body.
WHAT IS THYROID GLAND?
- It is a butterfly shaped gland that sits low on the front of the neck.
- Your Thyroid lies below your Adam’s apple, along the front of the windpipe.
- The Thyroid has two side lobes, connected by a bridge in the middle.
- When the thyroid is its normal size, you can’t feel it.
- Brownish –Red in color, the thyroid is rich with blood vessels.
DISORDERS OF THYROID
- An enlarged Thyroid may indicate Graves disease or a goiter.
- Exophthalmos (Protruding Eyes) seen in Hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroid disease occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t supply the proper amount of hormones needed by the body.
- Brittle Nails, Dry Hair, Hair Loss indicative of Hypothyroidism.
PROBLEMS DUE TO THYROID IMBALANCE
- Unexplained weight gain
- Constant fatigue or tiredness
- Muscle soreness & pain
- Dry and flaky skin
- Mensural & fertility problems
- High cholesterol levels
- Poor concentration & memory